A green vehicle is an environmentally friendly vehicle that uses less fuel and produces low or no emissions that impact on the environment and the air we breathe.
The Green Vehicle Guide ranks vehicles in order of lowest tailpipe CO2 emissions.
Environmentally friendly vehicles can be:
There are different types of electric vehicles, including:
Environmentally friendly cars use less fuel and generate fewer or zero emissions in the air while running when compared to conventional internal combustion engines, resulting in a smaller carbon footprint and impact on the environment.
They typically use an alternative form of propulsion in addition to, or instead of petrol or diesel. Electric vehicles are an example of an environmentally friendly car that produces zero tailpipe emissions while driving.
Fuel-efficient cars use less fuel to travel a certain distance so you can travel a higher number of kilometres for fewer litres of fuel – and spend less on fuel.
In general, cars that uses 6 litres or less per 100 kilometres are more fuel-efficient than average.
If you’re thinking about buying a green vehicle you should first consider:
Once you’ve decided to buy a green vehicle, you will need to decide on an electric, hybrid or fuel efficient petrol vehicle. Below are some considerations for each.
|Electric vehicles||Hybrid vehicles||Fuel efficient petrol vehicles|
EVs can be charged using public chargers. For locations, visit the Electric Vehicle Council public charging map.
They can also be charged by plugging into any standard power point and using power from the electricity grid. This is the slowest method of charging, but it means you can charge at home where you park overnight, at work, or anywhere you can access a power point.
You can also purchase a fast charger to install at home to charge your EV faster.
The time it takes to charge from empty will depend on the size of the EV battery.
Driving a more fuel-efficient vehicle can help you save money on fuel and other running costs.
While they are generally more expensive to buy upfront, they are cheaper to run and service.
Prices are also expected to keep trending down as production and battery costs decrease and driving range increases, making the overall ownership cost more competitive.
Electric vehicles are a better and more sustainable driving choice than equivalent sized petrol/diesel vehicles, even when accounting for emissions produced from electricity generation.
Driving an electric vehicle can help improve air quality, reduce CO2 emissions, decrease noise pollution, and reduce Australia’s dependence on imported oil.
Electric vehicles are much cleaner than petrol and diesel cars, which produce emissions from the tailpipe while driving and from the production and distribution of fuel.
The Green Vehicle Guide
The Green Vehicle Guide has information on the environmental performance of light passenger and commercial vehicles sold in Australia since 2004.
Fuel consumption data for vehicles sold from 1986-2003 vehicle models is available in the Search Older Vehicles section. This data is reported separately as it is based on an older test, which means the figures are not directly comparable with those reported for post-2004 vehicles.
No. Verifiable fuel consumption and emissions data for motorcycle and scooters sold in Australia is not currently available. This is because motorcycles and scooters are not required to supply fuel consumption and emissions data to comply with the Australian Design Rules.
No. Verifiable fuel consumption and CO2 emissions data for vehicles over 3.5 tonnes Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM) is not currently available, This is because heavy vehicles are not required to report their fuel consumption or CO2 emissions to comply with the Australian Design Rules.
The data for the Green Vehicle Guide is supplied by authorised representatives of vehicle manufacturers.
Data submitted to the Green Vehicle Guide is verified against certification data submitted by manufacturers to comply with the Australian Design Rules. The Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications can audit evidence submitted to demonstrate compliance with the Australian Design Rules.
Yes. The Green Vehicle Guide results for fuel consumption and tailpipe CO2 emissions are based on the same test data displayed on windscreen fuel consumption labels.
The Green Vehicle Guide also provides information on:
The current fuel consumption label displays combined urban and extra-urban fuel consumption. The 'urban' figure is likely to be more about city driving than the combined figure. This new information is also reflected in the Green Vehicle Guide.
Learn more about the Fuel consumption label.
Fuel consumption information is based on a laboratory test involving a standard drive cycle. This allows different vehicle models to be compared equally, as all vehicles are tested in the same conditions.
These tests cannot and do not simulate all possible real-world driving conditions. This means the emissions and fuel consumption you may experience on the road will vary due to traffic and road conditions, the condition of your vehicle and how you use it.
Read the Green Vehicle Guide tips for greener driving to help minimise fuel consumption and emissions.
If you are an authorised representative of a vehicle manufacturer supplying a vehicle approved for sale in Australia, you can provide data to the Green Vehicle Guide. Please contact us to register for an account.
The Green Vehicle Guide has a third party web service that can be used to analyse our data for business or research purposes. To request access to this service, please contact us.
Emissions and pollution
CO2 emissions are the main greenhouse gas produced by motor vehicles. Greenhouse gases can trap additional heat from the sun, which can contribute to climate change.
Vehicles with a lower CO2 number produce less CO2 emissions. A vehicle's level of CO2 emissions is closely related to the amount of fuel it consumes.
See more information about vehicle emissions .
The Euro level listed for each vehicle on the Green Vehicle Guide indicates the air pollution standard that the vehicle meets in Australia.
These standards regulate emissions that cause smog and impact human health rather than greenhouse gas emissions such as CO2.
A higher Euro level indicates a vehicle produces lower levels of emissions that impact on the quality of air we breathe.
Under the Australian Design Rules, all vehicles supplied to the Australian market must meet a minimum standard known as Euro 5.
Many vehicles sold in Australia meet tougher Euro 6 standards adopted in the European Union and other markets.